Command Line Helpers


Get the current directory’s path


List the files in the current directory


Change directory

cd # exits to the root directory

cd ‘NameOfDirectory’ # changes to the specified directory

cd .. # backs out of the current directory

Make directory

mkdir ‘NameOfDirectory’ # creates a directory with the given name within the current scope


Check which files have been changed in the directory

git status

Pull remote changes on a branch

git pull

Add current changes to next commit

git add -A

Commit added changes to local .git repository

git commit -m "some message about commit"

Push changes to remote repository

git push

See changes by file

git diff

Removed tracked files after being added to .gitignore

git rm -r --cached .

git add .

git commit -m "removed untracked files"

Return list of local branches

git branch

Checkout a local branch

git checkout branch-name

Create a new branch !TIP! - This will include your uncommitted changes

git checkout -b branch-name

Stash your current changes to apply later or on a different branch.

git stash

Apply your stashed changes to the current branch.

git stash apply

Edit your commit history.

git rebase -i HEAD~number-of-commits-to-rebase

Reset all uncommitted changes to a directory.

`git reset —hard`

Reset a specific file.

`git checkout -- filename # not staged for commit`

`git reset HEAD filename # unstage a file staged for commit`

`git checkout origin/master filename # already committed`

Reset branch to match remote branch (VERY DESTRUCTIVE).

`git reset --hard origin/master`


First install Sublime text editor. ( Aliases work equally with other programs.

Then alias Sublime text editor by adding this to your .bash_profile

alias sublime="open -a /Applications/Sublime\ Text\.app"

Call this to make the changes affect your current terminal session

source ~/.bash_profile

Then call your new command to open the user level directory in sublime. I have my .bash_profile open here showing my alias for Sublime along with an alias for Xcode.

sublime ~/

This will show all of your local system files and folders that even finder wont show including your profiles.



Switch from alternate cli

exec bash




Switch from alternate cli

exec zsh




Check list of installed packages via apt-get

apt list -—installed